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Arts and Culture festivals sent out by people with disabilities Triggered by the 2020 Tokyo Games and Japan Expo Cultural Arts Festival for the Disabled

"REPORT"―ART CREATION NIPPON Grand Opening , a festival of arts and culture for people with disabilities

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In February 2020, the grand opening of the Culture and Arts Festival was held in Otsu City, Shiga Prefecture, Japan, to promote "Japanese people and nature" through the perspective of people with disabilities. The exhibition "Art Brut - Japanese and Nature", the performing arts fair for the disabled, the Barrier-Free Film Festival, the Art Brut World Forum, and other programs. Following the grand opening, the festival will be held in seven locations across the country starting in 2020 in collaboration with 500,000 people nationwide and the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare.

Project 1  Art Brut : “Humanity and Nature in Japan” Exhibition

From February 7 to 9, the exhibition "Art Brut - Japanese and Nature" was held. A total of 549 works by 33 artists, 30 Japanese and 3 overseas, were introduced through the perspective of Art Brut.

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Sora Uemura's work in the "Dialogue with Scenery" area is a Nagoya town made of oil clay on a table. There were many people who took their time to appreciate the diorama, which was reproduced down to the smallest detail.

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In front of the open view, there was a large work of art by Shun Yonaha that was over two meters long. Some said, "It looks like a mandala," and the space was filled with a sense of reverence.

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In the "Notice of Living Things" area, the artist displayed powerful works of human faces, creatures, and other creatures captured through his own eyes. Some people shouted when they saw Erina Taniuchi's 30-meter work spread out from the towering wall!

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In the “Natural Colors” area, colorful works by Runako Jo are hung from a huge wall, and red and blue works are drawn vigorously with Akane Kimura's marker, and Fukurodo by Chizuru Fuyusawa. There are many works painted colorfully with crayons.

Stepping into the "Structure/Sanctuary/Culture" area, which closes the exhibition, one is overwhelmed by the diversity of the works. Naoto Iguchi's work, which was output by pressing his face against a copier, colourfully decorated the walls.

In the “Structure / Sacred Area / Culture” area, works exhibited from overseas were also exhibited. The work of Wang Hua of China is a masterpiece written on 30-meter roll paper. Looking into a maze-like drawing, some people said, "How do you draw?"

Akane Kimura's "Slippers" exhibited at the hotel entrance. The work drawn with the marker greeted many customers.

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A Buddhist statue by Yusuke Kimura in the "Structure/Sanctuary/Culture" area. The simple and open-hearted expression on their faces made them say, "It's amazing.

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The Miho-san Guide has been introduced as an information guarantee. This adorable plushie is based on Tomoyuki Hirano's work, and when you touch the icon with your right foot, you can listen to an explanation of the work. By walking around the venue with it around my neck, I felt like I was appreciating it with Miho, which was a fun feeling.

In addition to providing the blind and visually impaired with access to the artworks as a means of information assurance, this project has also become a tool to enable them to appreciate the artworks with a sense of familiarity.

Project 2  Disabled People’s Performing Arts Fair: “Why Do We Sing and Dance”?

On February 8, 9th, a performing arts fair for persons with disabilities was held. A variety of performers from all over the country were invited to perform such as local performing arts, music, and dance. Each soul was shaken from the depths, and a performance that evoked "the desire for expression" was developed.

Feb. 8 Zuiho Taiko (Nagasaki prefecture): Wadaiko performance

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Zuiho Taiko, who is also active in the world, performed a brave performance worthy of the opening. Young actors bring momentum and veterans taste. The venue has been integrated into a performance that is consistent with the power of Zuiho Taiko.

Feb. 8 Ikiwara Ichiza(Fukuoka): Narrative

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The audience was excited by the "sorting competition" to distinguish between aluminum cans with high acquisition value and steel cans with low value.
It was a warm stage with the message, "When you're cornered and want to die, just tell them to help you.

Feb. 8 Ryohei Kondo and the disabled dance team "Handles" (Saitama, Japan): Dance

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TFive of the eight people on the stage are wheelchairs. The stage was spun with fun performances such as one-shot performances, short contests, and quizzes for moving.
Although some people had severe physical disabilities, they moved around the stage and performed well.

Feb. 8 Salsa gum tape (Kanagawa): Rock concert

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Beat the drum with the adhesive tape and shout violently. It was an overwhelming stage that made me feel "rock and roll" as the audience heard, "It doesn't matter even if I have a disability. I was shocked by the culture that everyone is enjoying together." Was.

Feb. 8 Isao Shirai and Lovely companions(Osaka): Whistling

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Shirai has severe higher brain dysfunction. The whistling that was trying to blow from tension or dryness did not sound, but I turned my breath into a song and delivered it to the venue. I was told to hear what kind of disability it was and I was impressed by the voice of my wife, Kyoko, who supported me by my side.

Feb. 8 Concert“Expression – Fading Words, Voice Reborn”

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Opening, the theme song “Kokokara Kaze ga” was played on the video of the movie “The Wind Blows from Shigaraki” (produced in 1990) with a singing voice that Mr. Komuro wrapped around.
When we entered the performance, the Hunan Dance Company and the Otsu Workshop members came together and paraded around the venue in a town-like style.

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Deaf blind Satoshi Fukushima released a new work "Tokimeki no Universe" with lyrics and songwriting, and Komuro and others added arrangements. Following the last year's “Space of the Mind”, the new work became a love song with the suggestion of Mr. Komuro.
In the latter half of this song, a song that was created before Mr. Fukushima became inaudible was woven, and after 40 years it was delivered to people.

Feb. 9 Iwami Kagura Iwami Welfare Association Entertainment Club(Shimane): Traditional performing arts, Iwami Kagura

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A large snake (Orochi) flies around the stage and plays a myth from ancient Japan. In 2019, Iwami Kagura, a Japanese heritage site, is an oral tradition performing in the western part of Shimane Prefecture.
Many people went to the venue saying "I want to see Iwami Kagura", and I was drunk at the powerful and powerful stage unfolding in front of me.

Feb. 9 Konan Dance Company (Shiga): Dance

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When the melody and rhythm familiar to Bolero are repeated, chaos suddenly comes on stage. Pianos and saxophones played. Dancers who dance violently. In a state of ecstasy, Bolero comes to a transition and the sudden last comes. At the curtain call, cheers were sent to the stage.

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Various information guarantees were provided to convey the state of the stage.
Prior to the performance, a “prior explanation” that conveys stage information such as “loud sound” or “lighting effect”. The audience said, "I was able to watch with confidence." It is an effort that shows new possibilities for improving accessibility in theaters in the future.

Project 3  Art Brut World Forum

The Art Brut World Forum was held on February 7 and 8, with practitioners and experts working on the promotion of cultural arts such as Art Brut from around the world. Presentations and panel discussions were held along each theme.

Feb. 7 Session (1) “Public Policy and the Arts”

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He introduced the activities of each country on the theme of public policy that supports the artistic activities of authors and citizens.
Jade French reports on learning-disabled people and an inclusive curation project using self-advocacy practices.
He pointed out that the project, which focused on the curation of people with disabilities themselves, resulted in a cultural space that was not only inclusive, but also democratic.

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Yoshiyuki Tashita talked about cultural and artistic measures for people with disabilities in Japan, and how art of people with disabilities has been accepted and inherited as a tradition in Japan.
It is suggested that support and consideration for the artistic activities of persons with disabilities is "reciprocal" through Japanese cases. He also said that culture is key in Japan's policy toward a super-aging society.

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Martin Ruzardi said, "Art Brut is no longer the property of a small number of elites. Is considered to be ".

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The panel discussion discusses the social effects of Art Brut and the cultural arts of persons with disabilities in the implementation of public policies that respect the decentralization and diversity of culture.
Commentator Jean-Marc Hérault described the significance and importance of citizens' participation in arts and culture, using the cultural policy of the mayor of Nantes as an example.
At a later date, participants said that the curation efforts by people with disabilities were interesting.

Feb. 7 Session (2) “What is Art Brut?”

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Seventy years after the advocacy of Art Brut, there has been a renewed discussion of the social and cultural significance that is changing from its original definition and the positioning of the vocabulary of outsider art.
In Colin Rhodes's keynote, Art Brut and production activities in hospitals and welfare facilities were mentioned as influencing the definition of outsider art. These facilities have the common recognition that "the work has artistic value".
Among them, the works of the authors who did not intend to play an active part in the art world can be called Art Brut proposed by Jean Dubuffet, and outsider art is a corresponding English vocabulary Was useful in connecting the disciplines.

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Suebson Sanwachirapiban presented the definition and boundaries of outsider art, systematizing the characteristics of outsider art, including the presence or absence of arts education and training, and the creativity that represents the identity of marginalized people.

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Thomas Leske's presentation pointed out that there is a different reality in today's art where the terms art brut and outsider art are considered discriminatory. "Reality is what makes art appreciation richer, and when we change our attitude toward art, we can abandon criticized terms."
In the panel discussion, Art Brut was completely disappointed with the expectations of those who saw the work, excluding the prejudice of art and freeing those who appreciate it.

Feb. 8 Agriculture, Welfare and Food " Japanese Style “Food×Disability×Culture”: Exploring Ways to Reach the World

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With the 2020 Tokyo Olympics and Paralympics as an opportunity, how can we communicate the appeal of Japanese food to the many people visiting Japan from overseas? We learned from the practice of "agriculture and bliss cooperation" that has produced unique local "food" in various parts of Japan.
The Japanese people have created and tasted dishes that are appropriate for the environment and climate from the ingredients of the four seasons brought by the rich natural environment. What can we do to convey the appeal of Japanese food to visitors from overseas? From the words of the practitioners of the "Nofuku Cooperation" who are trying to protect and pass on the traditional food culture together with people with disabilities, I could see that "Japanese people need to reaffirm Japanese culture".
Although the time was limited, the content of the seminar seemed to be able to hear people saying, "I want to know more about Japanese food.

Feb. 8 Session (3) “Special Dialogue: All we need is the dancer”

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Based on the activities of the Honan Dance Company, a special dialogue was held between Patrick Guiguerre and Narumi Kitamura on the theme of performing arts and disability. Directed by Patrick, Liu Yunik is a cultural space where performers of varying abilities present their performing arts in a cultural space that blends different genres, cultures, and even audiences.
Regarding the Hunan Dance Company, which performed at Liu Yunik in 2017, Mr. Kitamura noted
We don't just teach choreography to members with disabilities and help them to do it, but each one of them moves his or her own body and creates a performance. Disability is only a part of an individual's identity. When introducing the Hunan Dance Company, there should be no special mention of it. On the other hand, it is important that the stage is supported by rational considerations so that people with disabilities can enjoy the arts. Patrick commented that performances by dancers with disabilities may also change the perfect body image expected in the performing arts, "questioning the mindset of the viewer and creating a new value for the arts.
Mr. Kitamura held up Mr. Patrick's hand and gave a moving demonstration on stage, which got the audience excited.

Feb. 8 Session (4) “Art Brut, Contemporary Art and the City”

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Each country's initiatives were presented on the theme of art that exists throughout the city. As a Japanese example, Yu Yokoi reported on the Borderless Area Omihachiman Art Festival "Chikaku no Tabi", which was held at the Borderless Art Museum NO-MA and the surrounding townhouses. He introduced the event as "developed with the aim of working with local residents to create a place for interaction and to eliminate barriers for people with disabilities so that they can be enjoyed by all.

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EThrough the Taiwanese case study, Emerson Kunsheng Wang showed the importance of not only introducing the work but also the collaborative work of the participants. He then talked about the potential for art to bring resolution to the process of reconciliation and mutual understanding between the various ethnic groups in Taiwan.

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Mr. Bedi Agung Kuswara introduced the facility where people living with schizophrenia can receive psychosocial rehabilitation through artistic activities and the program "Gelekan Creativities", which supports the employment of people with disabilities through art, established by Skizofriends Art Movement, a community of people living with schizophrenia. He presented on the importance of people with disabilities in creative and productive activities.

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In the panel discussion, commentator Tadashi Aoyagi talked about art by people with disabilities, saying, "When you expand your own sensibility and bring it together, you can see the goodness of it. It is the able-bodied who are being tried," he said, concluding the session.

Feb. 8 Session (5) “Measures by the Government of Japan regarding Disabled People’s Culture and Arts, and on Japan Cultural Expo”

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Mr. Tomoji Nomura explained the cultural and artistic policies implemented in Japan for persons with disabilities, including the "Basic Plan for the Promotion of Cultural and Artistic Activities by Persons with Disabilities" formulated by the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT) and the Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare (MHLW) in accordance with the "Act on the Promotion of Cultural and Artistic Activities by Persons with Disabilities" that came into effect in June 2018.

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Mr. Hisahiro Sugiura introduced the initiatives supported by the Agency for Cultural Affairs and gave a presentation on the history and current status of the Japan Expo. The panel discussed the importance of cultural and artistic policies for people with disabilities in Japan, their views on efforts to foster diversity, and future developments.
In the discussion after the presentation, the importance of mechanisms and strategies for both the horizontal axis, such as access, and the vertical axis, which aims to expand and raise the level of access, was pointed out, and the discussion raised expectations for the future development of the Agency for Cultural Affairs and the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare.

Feb. 8 Session (6) “Evaluating the Uncredentialed”

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Lynne Cooke spoke about the methods, materials, and historical context of the artist's work, which has been researched, excavated, and appreciated, based on the "Outliers and the American Avant-Garde" exhibitions at the National Gallery of Art in Washington and museums in Atlanta and Los Angeles.
The work of artists with disabilities included in this exhibition was presented from a perspective that intersected with the American avant-garde of the twentieth century, taking up the work known in the United States as self-tort or outsider art and better known in Europe and elsewhere as art brut.

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In her presentation, Lynn Cook said, "I suspect that writers who lived through the same period, regardless of their disabilities, have some common experience. When the listener Kenjiro Hosaka was asked to compare the current exhibition with Parallel Visions, an exhibition of outsider art that toured from 1992 to the following year, Cook expressed his opinion that the history of American avant-garde art and outliers (those who transcend) is not parallel (parallel, separate events), but intersects in many ways.

Information security at the World Forum

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In order to provide the same experience and the same level of information with or without disabilities, all sessions provided simultaneous subtitles with sign language interpreters and summary writing. We were able to share the passionate speeches and discussions with everyone who visited the venue.

Project 4  Barrier Free Film Festival 2020

The Barrier-Free Film Festival 2020 was held for three days, from February 7 to 9, and eight films were screened a total of 11 times. The screening was followed by a talk by the director and other guests, and in some cases the event was so successful that the audience was able to stand and watch.

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Feb. 7

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"Leaving the Scene" was screened, and many talked to Director Mizutani Yutaka's talk.

Feb. 7-8

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"Closed Ward" was screened, and after the screening, a talk by Director Hideyuki Hirayama was held.

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Talk to Nobuo Onishi of "Let's Go to Okinawa"

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Tatsutsugu Omori's talk on "Every Day a Good Day"

Barrier Free Film Festival 2020

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Mr. Kengo Kitaoka, Chairman of the Board of Directors of the social welfare corporation Grow, gives an explanation of the background of the film after the screening of "The Wind That Blows from Shigaraki"

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Talk by director Yuki Tanaka of "Independent Living

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After the screening of "Artists in Wonderland", Yoko Takahashi, a member of the "Artists in Wonderland Production Committee", gave a production secret story.

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The venue was not as large as a regular movie theater, with about 150 chairs, but many people were enjoying the barrier-free movie. All seats were unreserved, and people in wheelchairs could watch the show wherever they wanted.

Regarding reasonable accommodation provided at the barrier-free film festival 2020

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Barrier-free subtitles were different from common movie subtitles in that the speaker's name was subtitled so that you could see who was speaking the lines. When the inserted song was played, a note (♪) mark was shown to indicate which scene the music was played in.

Regarding the information security implemented at the Barrier-free Film Festival 2020

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The audio guides were rented devices with a dedicated app installed, and through earphones, the audio conveyed scenes from the film without overlapping with the film's lines. Akiko Sasaki, an activist apologist, provided a live audio guide for the movie "Leaving the Scene". Many people who had experienced the audio guide for the first time said that it was very good to understand the situation
. UDtalk is an application that converts speech into text in real time through a microphone.

Project 5  Workshop -Source of Expressions-

A hands-on program was held for foreign visitors to Japan in Shigaraki (Koga City, Shiga Prefecture), a production center of pottery that is counted among Japan's six oldest kilns.
In the morning, we visited the Shigaraki Seinenryo, which has produced many original works of art. In the afternoon, we walked around the town to see the climbing kilns and experience pottery making. It was a program to experience the fascinating works created at the Shigaraki Seinen-ryo and their backgrounds, as well as to feel the region of Shigaraki.

A visit was made to the Shigaraki Youth Dormitory, which produces many original works.
Shigaraki youth dormitory supporter Daisuke Ishino explained the activity, and a ceramic artist living in Shigaraki, Chikazu Kawasaki, talked about the charm of Shigaraki.

At the Shigaraki Youth Dormitory, the question is, "Why don't we put a value on or sell our non-daily items? He replied, "We don't have enough of them to sell.
 Participants said, "In our country, creation and living support are separated, so it's interesting to see the Shigaraki Seonenryo's activities together" and "I was interested in their activities. We would like to keep in touch with them in the future.

Stroll through the town of Shigaraki and visit the climbing kiln and gallery. On the way there was a scene where it snowed a bit and we could see the calm Japanese satoyama.

In the "Pottery Forest," each group was divided into groups to touch the soil of Shigaraki and experience pottery making. Shigaraki Youth Hostel students also participated in this event. The participants were absorbed in their work as if they were children again, and some of them posed with guts when they were finished. The clay experience was good. It was a good surprise," he said, and the program was well received.

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